Nuclear bombs: One of the most fascinating and destructive things in the world. They can demolish relationships between nations and all it is people. When used they cause massive amounts of environmental damage that is in several cases irreversible but are nuclear weapons always that bad? Nuclear bombs have some benefits such as they help eliminate a terrorist territory. In fact the original purpose of the invention was them to be used in the second World War.
Creating these deadly weapons was no joke. It took years of planning and billions of dollars to complete the unique project. The funding was acquired from many different sources such as the governments of United States of America, United Kingdom and Canada. Money was needed for everything since all the facilities were built just for this project. Along with the sophisticated factories various specialists were hired in order to make the weapons convert into reality. One of the most vital members of the team, without which the nukes wouldn’t have been completed, was Chien-Shiung Wu.
Chien-Shiung Wu was a Chinese experimental physicist who made valuable contribution to the field of radioactivity. In her early life, her father pushed education and believed that school was a very important thing. Her father and Chien-Shiung Wu were very close. He always encouraged Chien-Shiung Wu to read books and magazines. After the age of 9, in order to further her education, Chien-Shiung Wu left town to attend Soochow School, located in Suzhou, China. In high school she was very confused about what she wanted to do with her future. There were two options at the school, one was to take normal classes to learn teaching and the second was to take advance placement courses and progress to university. After much debate Chien-Shiung Wu chose to attend the advance placement classes. During this period she read several books about physics and chemistry that in the future enticed her to become a physicist.
After completing four years at the elite National Center University in Nanjing, China Chien-Shiung Wu discovered that there weren’t many opportunities for her to grow to the level as a physicist that she wanted to become in China. She resolved this issue by immigrating to the United States of America in 1936. She and her friend voyage on a steamship for a long period and arrived in San Francisco.
San Francisco was a land of opportunities for Chien-Shiung Wu. She completed her Ph.D. at the University of Berkeley in California. She was the student of Ernest O. Lawrence who would later win the Noble prize in physics in 1939 for his invention of cyclotron particle accelerator.Dr. Wu moved to the east coast of the USA first working at Smith college and later became the faculty head of physics at the University of Princeton. Eventually Dr. Wu found herself in New York studying beta decay at Columbia University where she continued her studies from 1944 all the way till 1981.
At her years at Columbia University, Dr. Wu did work on the Manhattan Project where she made a process which separated uranium metal into the U-235 and U-238 isotopes. The process was called gaseous diffusion.Since the project succeeded, it was implemented on a huge scale in a plant in Tenseness. From 1946 to 1952 she worked in the department of physics. From 1952-58, she was a associate professor and in 1959 she was promoted to a professor until she retired in 1981. Through her research at the university, Dr. Wu helped create the Geiger counters which detect radioactive radiation.
Throughout her life’s journey, Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu has made a huge influence in the world. Her work and studies helped develop one of the most amazing devices ever built. Dr. Wu was truly a magnificent scientist who changed the world forever.