Wind: The key ingredient to life

“Standing outside in a warm sunny day and feeling a sudden cold breeze of air gently pass by… ”

And if out of curiosity you’ve wondered how the wind is formed then this article is for you.

Let’s talk about air:

Even though we all are surrounded by air we never really understand how critical it is for life to survive. The air itself consists 78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen and traces of other gases (which are less than 1%) like argon, carbon dioxide, water (in vapor), ozone and many others.

What does that have to do with wind?

Wind is the natural movement of air cause by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface. This uneven heating cause air in some areas warm (warm are weights less and rises) whereas some areas a colder as they don’t get the same amount of heat in their atmosphere. Cold air moves in to replace the warm air that rises. This cause wind to blow towards a specific direction. This difference can even have the ability to cause a windstorm if in the right weather condition.

Earth_Global_Circulation Map_prevailing_winds_on_earth


Why is it important to our lives?

Although we might not think about it as often, but there are many things we need wind for. Below are a few examples.

  • Prevailing winds: these winds help keep the land cool, during winter they bring warm moist air to coast regions and in the summer they bring cold dry air
  • Waves: these can be used to create energy that is green

    Sand Dunes

    Sand dunes formed by the direction wind blows

  • Energy: apart from the energy waves create, wind energy is also a renewable energy resource.
  • Landscape (Wind Erosion): the strength of wind cannot be doubted, they can shape lOccluded_mesocyclone_tornado_NOAAarge rocks often changing landscapes
  • Agriculture: they provide better conditions for plants to grow, not to mention the monsoon (seasonal wind)

Trekking into Star Trek

In 1966, Gene Roddenberry, in affiliation CBS and Paramount Pictures, created the infamous science fiction franchise, Star Trek (The Original Series). The series follows a group consisted of humans and of extraterrestrial beings who serve in Starfleet, “the space-borne humanitarian and peacekeeping armada of the United Federation of Planets.” Star Trek was known to have consistently referenced the scientific world through envisioned technologies, which, in the context of the original series’ era, would’ve seemed impossible.

Star Trek Emblem: Famouslogos

Star Trek Emblem: Famouslogos

Well, that was exactly half a century ago.

2016 and more technologically advanced than we’ve ever been, many of Star Trek’s scientific dreams are starting to becoming true.


 

  1. The Warp Drive

In Star Trek, starships were portrayed as being able to travel at a faster-than-light speed. A state named “subspace” was used to explain such an unfathomable phenomenon. Subspace was similar to the Alcubierre Drive, but obeyed different laws of physics, where a bubble of subspace could distort the local spacetime continuum, and propel the starship at velocities greater than the speed of light.

By status quo, NASA’s stance on faster-than-light travel is an unconfident one, deeming such speeds impossible by current scientific knowledge. However, the New York Times reported in 2013 that NASA is actively funding research into the topic, based on physicist Miguel Alcubierre’s theories. Alcubierre’s theory posits that the if the space following a starship could expand rapidly enough to propel the ship forwards, the ship’s passengers would be unable to discern any movement of acceleration, thus creating a loophole in Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

Warp Speed: Memory Alpha

Warp Speed: Memory Alpha

  1. Universal Translator

In Star Trek, a universal translator was used for intergalactic communication (between humans and their respective annexed alien races). Just a few years ago in 2014, Microsoft successfully launched a real-time audio translator across Skype. Unfortunately translator technology is based on very weak foundations of language and speech recognition and therefore is not perfectly accurate. All the while, only baby steps can train a child to leap.

  1. Handheld computers:

It might be difficult to imagine, but in the 1960’s handheld computers and any tablets, touch screens, were far from being developed. Star Trek protagonists communicated and carried operations through touchscreen computers called  PADDs (Personal Access Display Devices).

Now if that doesn’t strike as some suspicious prediction, I don’t know what would.

  1. Medical Tricorder

Dr. Leonard McCoy’s signature piece of technology, named a medical tricorder is a device that can instantly assess patients’ vitals as well as diagnose medical conditions.

Now, a competition named the “Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE competition,” and its 10 million grand prize is being competed over. The guidelines of the competition state that the team to be crowned winner must develop a Tricorder device that will accurately diagnose 13 health conditions, with one being the absence of the rest of the other conditions. A secondary expectation is that the tricorder will capture and display five real-time health vital signs. As for results, consumer testing is scheduled to begin in September of 2016, and the results revealed in early 2017.

I’m sure that if Dr. McCoy were alive (and real), he would be bristling with pride.

  1. Androids

Lieutenant Commander Data, a character featured on Star Trek: The Next Generation was a self-aware, sapient, sentient, and anatomically fully functional android who served on the USS Enterprise-D and USS Enterprise-E. He possesses a positron brain, which provides him with superhuman computational abilities. At first, he was unable to understand human emotion, but later aspired to achieve his own humanity through an “emotion chip.”

Data: Wikipedia

Data: Wikipedia

In the real world, Softbank, a Japanese company launched (though not officially for sale), Pepper, an emotion-sensing robot. Pepper is able to read human emotions by judging facial expressions and the tone of voice, and act accordingly. On a completely different note, a Hong Kong V.C. firm, in the past year, has named an artificial intelligence tool to its board of directors, assuring that “it” will be treated equal to other board members. Other breakthroughs are constantly being introduced to the world, but none have yet met the requirements of a fully empathising, independent android.

  1. Teleportation

The legendary line from the series, “beam me up,” refers to the fictional teleportation machine used to convert a physical being into an energy pattern, which is transferred to its destination, and then rematerialized.

Alas, teleportation does not yet exist, but it was announced only recently that researchers in Germany have discovered a way to transport information from one place to another using quantum teleportation. Though this term has been circulating in the quantum physics community for a while now, this discovery marks the first time quantum teleportation has been successfully demonstrated outside the world of quantum particles.

Beaming System: Memory Alpha

Beaming System: Memory Alpha


 

In sum, though the sheer thought of bringing fiction into reality is both mostly impossible and irresistibly fascinating, we have come a long way. And though none of these technologies as described in the world of Star Trek have been realized, I’m sure our Captain Kirk and his trusty First Officer Spock would’ve been proud of us nonetheless (if they could travel back from the future, that is).

S’chn T’gai to y’all as well,

~ Newton’s Pineapple

Sources:

Forbes.com

Mental Floss

Wikipedia: Star Trek Technology

Memory Alpha (Wiki)

Chien-Shiung Wu (The Finkbeiner Test): Joyce Zhu

Chien-Shiung Wu was a Chinese-born American experimental physicist who made significant contributions in the field of nuclear physics, although her work transcended into many other corresponding fields. Some of her great achievements include working on the Manhattan Project, which produced the first nuclear weapons during World War II. Within the Manhattan project, Wu took part in the development of the process that separated uranium metal into uranium-235 and uranium-238 respectively, by manipulating gaseous diffusion. Later in her life, she conducted the Wu experiment, whose purpose was to determine whether weak interactions abided by the conservation of parity, which was usually established in electromagnetic and strong interactions. Her results contradicted the hypothetical law of conservation of parity, and earned her colleagues Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen-Ning Yang the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics. Wu, due to various causes, did not receive the Nobel Prize, but instead, earned the inaugural Wolf Prize in Physics in 1978.

Columbia: Chien-Shiung Wu

Columbia: Chien-Shiung Wu

Wu was born in on May 31st, 1912, in Liuhe of the Jiangsu province. She attended Ming De School for her elementary education, and then transferred to Suzhou Normal School No. 2 when she was eleven, where she ranked ninth out of 10,000 applicants. In 1929, she attended National Central University in Nanjing and graduated in 1934. She later became a researcher at the Institute of Physics of the Academia Sinica, where her teacher, who had earned his PhD at the University of Michigan recommended her to go abroad as well. She was accepted by the University of Michigan, and travelled with her friend, Dong Ruo-Fen, a chemist from Taicang. Following their arrival at San Francisco, Wu visited the University of California, Berkeley, and due to external factors, decided to attend Berkeley instead. There, she met physicist Luke Chia-Liu Yuan, grandson of Yuan Shikai, who was the First President of the Republic of China. Yuan showed her the Radiation Laboratory directed by Ernest O. Lawrence, who would eventually win the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1939 for his invention of the cyclotron particle accelerator.

She made substantial progress in her research alongside Emilio Segrè. Her thesis covered both bremsstrahlung, the electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle when deflected by another charged particle, and about the production of radioactive isotopes of xenon as produced by the nuclear fission of uranium using 37-inch and 60-inch cyclotrons at the Radiation Laboratory. She remained at the Radiation Laboratory as a post-doctoral fellow.

Smithsonian Institution: Chien-Shiung Wu in 1963 at Columbia University

Smithsonian Institution: Chien-Shiung Wu in 1963 at Columbia University

Wu became a faculty member at Smith College in Northampton Massachusetts, and then accepted a position as instructor for Naval officers at Princeton University. In 1944, Wu joined the Manhattan Project, where she worked at the Substitute Alloy Materials Laboratories at Columbia University. In August of 1945, Wu became an associate research professor at Columbia just as communication with China was restored. Her post-war research consisted of the investigation of beta decay. She teamed up with Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang to initiate the Wu experiment, which was to determine whether parity was conserved for electromagnetic interactions and for the strong interaction. Their results (of parity violation) not only contributed majorly to the development of the Standard Model, but also awarded Lee and Yang the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1957.

In 1963, Wu also confirmed the Conserved Current hypothesis of Richard Feyman and Murray Gell-Mann. Alongside this achievement, she also confirmed E. M. L. Pryce and John Clive Ward’s calculations on the correlation of the quantum polarizations of two photons propagating in opposite directions.

She retired in 1981 and took on the title of a professor emerita. She then died of a stroke on February 17th, 1997 in New York City.  

Sources:

Famous Female Scientist: Chien-Shiung Wu

Britannica: Chien-Shiung Wu

Wikipedia: Chien Shiung Wu

Top 5: Things you didn’t know

1. The Eiffel Tower can be 15 cm taller during the summer

Large structures such as the Eiffel tower are able to contract and change their shape due to temperature. When a substance is heated, its particles tend to move faster and it takes up a larger volume, while a drop a temperature causes the substance to contract once again. This process is something called thermal expansion. Due to this alone, the Eiffel Tower is able to grow an extra 15 cm during the hot summer days.

 

10-Facts-You-Didnt-Know-About-the-Eiffel-Tower-On-Its-125th-Birthday

2. A teaspoon of neutron star would weigh 6 billion tons

When a massive star dies out and explodes, a crazy dense neutron star is created. A teaspoon of this stuff is an absurd 6 billion tons.

3. An average person would walk the equivalent of five times around the world in a lifetime

Let’s do some math here: An average ACTIVE person walks about 7500 steps per day. Now, lets say you maintain that average and like to an average age of 80 years old, you would’ve taken 216,262,500 steps. Now that many steps would equate to 110,000 miles, which would be 5 times the circumference of the earth.

4. Male seahorses can get pregnant

Seahorses reproduce in an extremely weird way: the male is the one that becomes pregnant. The male seahorse has a pouch in the front side of his body, where it carries eggs that are dropped off by the female. The eggs then travel down a tube where he then fertilizes the eggs for 9 to 45 days. The male seahorse then pumps out his kids when they are are fully developed. Unusual isn’t it??? Here’s a short clip if you’re interested.

5. A flea is able to accelerate faster than a Space Shuttle

Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity of an object and it is usually measured in “g,” with g being equivalent to the acceleration cause by gravity on Earth. While Fleas reach an acceleration of 100 g, a Space Shuttle would peak at roughly 5 g. Ridiculous.

Sources:

www.zmescience.com/other/feature-post/10-quick-scientific-facts-will-blow-mind/

www.howitworksdaily.com/15-amazing-science-facts-that-will-blow-your-mind/

 

Interview: Mr. Sigmund Freud (PART 1)

(Disclaimer: this interview is entirely fictional, but the facts are cited straight from Freud’s real life)

Today is a very special day.

Why?

Well, it is with great pleasure on this very rainy Vancouver afternoon that I introduce a very special guest with whom I’ll be conducting an interview. Our guest has played such a significant role in the intellect of civilization. He has contributed as much to psychology as Albert Einstein to physics. This guest, for both your and my convenience, has resurrected from his death in 1939. He is willing to share some general thoughts of his life, though bound by time, but nonetheless spectacular, and his, needless to say, timeless discoveries.  

Hold your horses, everyone. Or should I say, hold your consciousness (and unconsciousness).

As I present to you all, Mr. Sigmund Freud.

Sigmund Freud (1926)

Sigmund Freud (1926): Ferdinand Schmutzer

… (applause)

 

Hello Mr. Freud, may I ask how you’re doing today?

Seventy-seven years have taught me to accept death with cheerful humility.

Ah, I apologize to have disturbed you from your peaceful slumber. I will do my best to keep our interview concise and lovely, and to keep you as comfortable as possible throughout. Now, before further ado, could I ask you to give us a brief overview of your life to inform those who are not as familiar with your legacy (as I am).

 

My life is but one to remark; I believe I have lived a humble, unpretentious life just like any other soul. I was born in born in Freiberg, Moravia, but I moved to Vienna, my true home and deathbed when I was four years old. I was engaged to my life-long partner, Martha Bernays in 1882 and married her in 1886, and together, we raised six children. The youngest of them, my dearest Anna went on after my death to become a distinguished psychoanalysts and further implement my theories, and develop their clinical, epilogues, per se. I even admit I am more proud of her than I am of my life.

 

That sounds to me like a life thoroughly fulfilled. If you wouldn’t mind, could you possibly explain your career? I can only guess our audience are very interested in how you managed achieve… you know, all your achievements (which I cannot even fathom to list).

 

I cringe to evaluate my life as a single career — rather, I believe my life was consisted of three careers. One being my degrees and education in physiology and as a medical doctor, the second, a psychologist, and the third, just a simple man with a family and a head full of messy thoughts.

It began in 1873 when I enrolled in the University of Vienna, and where I studied underneath a German scientist, and my good friend, Ernst Brüke. I received my medical degree in 1881, and then went to Paris in 1885. There, I was impressed by a man by the name of Jean Charcot, who used a strange little method of hypnotism to treat hysteria.

When I returned to Vienna a year later, I experimented with hypnosis, but I noticed its benefits did not last. It was then, I adopted a method (suggested by my good friend Josef Breuer) that allowed for a hysterical patient to talk uninhibited about the earliest occurrences of their symptoms. And it worked; the symptoms gradually diminished. This is what I’d like to call free association. And this is what I’d like to call the beginning of something new.

 

You have published numerous articles, books, and essays. Would you mind discussing some of them with us?

 

My work with Breuer helped me develop the idea that neuroses had their origins in deeply traumatic experiences in the past, which have been forgotten, or more accurately, hidden from the individual’s consciousness. The two of us published “Studies in Hysteria” in 1895. We parted shortly afterwards, and I began to work independently.

It would be too much to mention all my publications, but I from what I hear from the living world, it seems that “The Interpretation of Dreams” is often considered my greatest work. I published it in 1900. My work was initially badly received, as most people criticized my emphasis on sexuality as a basis of human unconsciousness. In 1908, was when the first International Psychoanalytical Congress was held in Salzburg and the day my work was officially recognized. I am grateful beyond measures for this acknowledgement and I give it credit for allowing me to continuously pursue and publish my studies.

During the last few years of my life, I managed to record my theories into a little under twenty publications. It was as the Nazis annexed Austria and I was allowed to flee to England that I concluded my life. In 1939, I died from cancer, and in 2016, here I am again, talking to you.

 

That was enlightening, Mr. Freud. Thank you so much for sharing your life with us. Even though you may see it as lacking speciality, we, as the new, technology-driven, rash and impulsive generation see it as influential and inspiring.

I think now’s the time to take a little break. I hope to, after you are well rested, discuss some of the many affluential theories you introduced to the world during your lifetime, if that’s alright with you.

 

It definitely is.


PART 2

(will link once finished)

Sources:

An interview of Freud (1927 by G.S. Viereck)

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud: Theories

Northern Shrike…Strikes Again

 

Lanius_excubitor_1_(Marek_Szczepanek)

(Northern Shrike, Marek Szczepanek via Wikipedia )

Lately, the air in the local parks have been filled with the piercing shrills of bald eagles. It is mating season and these iconic birds can be found all up and down the waters edge around Vancouver. As prolific as these birds are currently, they share the skies with many other birds of prey that are no less impressive. One bird that is particularly interesting is the Northern Shrike. This is bird of prey is not at first glance much like the others. It is a small bird, weighing a max of 79 g with a wingspan no bigger than 13.8 inches. It is classified as a songbird. Although, the predatory nature of songbirds in general should not be overlooked as insects make up a great part of their diet. Songbirds feed on millions of insects yearly. Remember they are directly related to dinosaurs! The Northern Shrike over winters in our part of the world feeding on our local birds and other vertebrates. If you want to catch a glimpse of this little predator try heading out to Colony Farm. I know I will!

 

Drugs found in Grocery Stores

Picture in your head an ice cream cone with 3 scoops. On the bottom a chocolate cherry mix, in the middle a black raspberry crunch, and to finish it all off a caramel praline. Beside that ice cream cone a chocolate velvet caked, your favorite cereal growing up as a kid and that cool can of coke your mother never let you have. Is your mouth watering yet? What exactly happens inside the brain that makes foods containing loads of sugar so hard to resist?

You take a bite out of a chocolate chip cookie, the sugars inside the substance activate the sweet-taste receptors, part of the taste buds on the tongue. These receptors send a signal up into you brain and from there, forks off into many areas of the fore brain, one of which being the cerebral cortex. Different parts of the cerebral cortex process different tastes The sweet part activating the brain’s “reward” system. Although it is healthy to be rewarded every once in a while, too much of this will lead to serious consequences which include a craving for more sugar and a loss of control. The currency used in our reward system is dopamine, a compound present in the body as a neurotransmitter. There are many dopamine receptors in the fore brain. Drugs such as alcohol, nicotine and  cocaine send dopamine into a state of violence, leading some people to constantly seek that high, in other words to become addicted. Sugar also causes dopamine to be released, though not as violently as drugs. So there you have it folks. You’re getting “high” on a daily.

Here is a short video on this topic:

My Citizen Science project: Galaxy Zoo

 

The definition of citizen science is a research conducted by amateur or nonprofessional ‘citizens’. Conventionally, citizens who aren’t necessarily knowledgeable in the particular field of science can take part in the systematic collection and analysis of data through online or offline platforms. The data collected is usually submitted to a larger project and applied to the advancement scientific discovery, or towards issues concerning our environment or our well-being.

Flickr: Azam Ali

Flickr: Azam Ali

Galaxy Zoo is one of the most widespread and prominent citizen science project currently on the internet, as it holds the largest number of publications based citizen volunteers and professional volunteers contribution. Galaxy Zoo also greatly influenced the creation of The Zooniverse, which replicates the techniques in which Galaxy Zoo is operated and uses them for other citizen projects. Galaxy Zoo was created in July of 2007, and its purpose at the time was to receive aid in classifying the millions of galaxies imaged by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The images were classified far quicker than the program coordinators had previously predicted, and therefore officially established the project under the heading of ‘citizen science’.

The classifications work in a simple, yet efficient way. Each citizen volunteer is asked to split the given galaxy, based on its image, into different categories. The project then compiles the different results as submitted by citizen volunteers of the same galaxies together into a compact classification.

My own experience (five hours of volunteer) of Galaxy Zoo is a positive one, indeed. My reason for choosing this project was due to my interest in galaxies beforehand that I never got the chance to address. It seemed to me that galaxies and basically anything concerning the remote universe beyond Earth’s atmosphere was unreachable and impossibly complicated. I couldn’t imagine myself being able to contribute to their research, as a thoroughly unqualified teenager with limited astronomical knowledge.

But Galaxy Zoo proved me wrong.

In my opinion, Galaxy Zoo’s main benefit was that it gives its volunteers a chance to feel like they’re doing something useful — or helping astronomers with their research. Although this is aim of volunteering in general, Galaxy Zoo enhances this feeling of accomplishment, as people don’t often get the chance to observe galaxies in their everyday lives.

Another benefit of Galaxy Zoo is the scientific knowledge you can learn from classifying. There were terms I had never heard of in my entire life that appeared as an attribute of galaxies I had to choose from. This prompted me to first, look up the provided examples of such attributes on the site, and to further research the term.

Galaxy Zoo is also a project that you can do on a whim, as it doesn’t require much focus, time, or commitment. Each classification takes approximately less than a minute, and it’s a great way to efficiently pass time.

I have had the great pleasure of taking part in such a great project, and I hope to one day see your contributions published as well.

Sincerely,

~Newton’s Pineapple (Joyce)

 

Dreaming in Code: Joyce Zhu’s Coding Experience

On November 4th, my fellow Future Science Leaders and I embarked on a voyage to seek a world entirely of the unknown — at least to myself — also known as Python. In our separate groups, we were sent off to our individual little digital worlds to complete a variety of tasks and equations, in order to broaden our skills with computer coding. We learnt of the benefits and applications of computer science, whether in the workplace or in personal expedience, and learned to appreciate the minds behind the technology we often take for granted. Computer programming in itself is a tedious and meticulous process; the prospect for mistakes is very high, and awareness of details and is utmost important in assuring the program carries out its function properly. However, the outcome of computer programs is something purely magical in its own sense. I find it absolutely amazing that humankind has managed to create this magic — also known as technology, that is disregarded, as it has integrated into our lives and completely changed the concept of living. Computer programs surround us, facilitate processes we might have otherwise considered mundane, and enhances our experiences. Similarly to writing stories, which is something I enjoy, computer programming serves as a channel of expression for an individual’s creative endeavours.

After our session, I went on to write a code. Though it simple and straightforward, I consider it as a first try, and I see much potential for improvement if I ever do find myself veering towards the programming side of science.

It is a simple “choose your own adventure” type of game, in which I’ve incorporated one of my current novel themes — dreams into the possible plotlines one can “choose”. With every double-choice question the code asks you, you must type in the keyword in order to advance onto the next question (The keywords have their first letter capitalized). However, regardless of which steps one may take to explore the world of dreams and of fantasy, one will always wake up. Through this program, I wish to convey my thoughts on the significance of the journey, rather than the final outcome.
Now, are you ready, player one?

Adrian Anderson; Ironman Down

October 3rd, 2015


 

As rookie detectives, Newton’s Pineapple (our team) has been provided with our very first case: the suspicious death of Ironman Canada, Adrian Anderson. Through reasoning and much meticulous effort, we have put together a worthy case accusing the family of Pierre Anderson, his wife Kathy Anderson, and his son Ethan Anderson for having poisoned Adrian Anderson two times, first with the usage of arsenic in Adrian’s coffee, and then later on with Amphetamines in Adrian’s race water. The report below is a result of our hard work and amateurish, though persevering conclusions.

We hope to have contributed to the final verdict of what is to come of Adrian’s tragic and unforeseen death.

~ Pineapples


 

Victim

Name: Adrian Kelvin Anderson

Height: 6’1

Weight: 84.6 kg

Age: 38 years old.

Sex: Male

Summary of events

  1. On Sunday, September 27th Adrian Anderson was pronounced dead at 2:13PM, thirteen kilometres from the finish line of triathlon (Ironman Canada)
  2. He was pronounced dead at scene.
  3. Adrian appeared to have a rash spread across his legs and legs, though reasons behind this rash had been unclear at site.
  4. A salivary fluid was found on Adrian’s forehead – An analysis of DNA had yet to be conducted.
  5. Reports claim the cause of his death was from myocardial infarction.

Evidence from scene:

  1. A series of messages from Adrian’s phone (found destroyed). One of which was a message from a restricted number.
  2. DNA samples of the spit on Adrian’s forehead and body, and on the gloves near the coffee pot from which Adrian drank.
  3. Four sources of possible of poison ingested by Adrian. (Coconut water, race water, coffee, and recovery patch)
  4. Fingerprint evidence. (Coconut water jug, water bottle, and gloves near coffee pot)
  5. 10 kilometres prior to his collapse “not only had he been not running straight, which is common at an ironman, but he was cheering for himself, like he had crossed the finish line,” says head paramedic, Donald Northland.

 

List of possible suspects

Our top suspects:

Our suspects are of the family of Pierre Anderson, Adrian’s brother, his wife Kathy Anderson, and their son, Ethan Anderson. Through much evidence compilation, eventual analysis and reasoning, we have come to the possible perturbing reality that Adrian’s very own family may as well be responsible for his tragic death during the Ironman Canada triathlon.

Pierre is our prime suspect of this case with the most focused and warped motivation towards his possible murder. As the older brother of Adrian, Pierre has once competed alongside Adrian in the triathlon, as a tradition carried from their teens and twenties. However, unlike Adrian who has just recently broken up with his girlfriend, Ivy, Pierre and his wife Kathy ultimately decided that the establishment of a family was more of a priority. This brought an end to Pierre’s triathlon career, though as his son is older, he has returned to the competition. In his interview, Pierre is described as having struggled to say positive things about Adrian. This, along with Kathy’s sympathy expressed through her eventual tweets essentially imply that Pierre has retained negative feelings, such that of jealousy for Adrian, as he managed to live the life Pierre originally dreamed of, and thus couldn’t achieve.

Kathy, on the other hand, we believe to be mildly influenced by her husband and son, and therefore holds a grudge towards Adrian. Referring both tweets and her interview, Kathy believes Adrian to be a troublemaker and selfish towards family matters. She also inadvertently blames Adrian for all their problems, whether it being upon selling the building or making time for family.

Our third suspect, Ethan is what we would like to consider a feasible affiliate, or maybe even an ignorant third party. Ethan is a hardworking high school student one year from graduation. He currently works at Adrian’s store, Get Juiced. Both him and his parents are expecting him to delve into the business world once he graduates, meaning he will inherently benefit from the selling of the Lee building. He and Adrian appear to have a close relationship despite his parents – with who Adrian is not on very good terms with. They have even established a secret language they have used to communicate since Ethan was little. Though this gives very little reason to his possible motive to murder his beloved uncle, the evidence we later deciphered proves otherwise.


 

Evidence

Four sets of evidence were collected both from the scene and from the events thought to lead up to the murder. One were messages, all written in a cryptic manner found in Adrian’s destroyed phone to be decoded, another were DNA samples to be analyzed, the third, four possible sources of poison sent to the toxicology lab for pH levels, and lastly, a set of fingerprints to be matched. With the conclusion of all four tests, we were able to eliminate many of the suggested suspects and focus on a few.

Phone Messages:

Message one was labeled from Ethan to Adrian, and written in what we assume to be the two’s secret language. The message was merely scrambled letters that revealed to have read “can we meet for coffee? I need to talk.” This links one of our three suspects (and possibly an oblivious helper) Ethan to the coffee. The second message was from a restricted number and also concealed. We eventually deduced to have said, “I know your secret. You’re not getting away with this so you better…” Now, this struck us as controversial and against Adrian’s own murder, as the anonymous individual who had sent the message must’ve entailed Adrian had a secret. Even as we still have no clue from who the message derived from, we believe the “secret” to be related to Adrian and the selling of his partially owned, Lee building.

DNA:

http://www.howtobecome.com/how-to-become-a-detective

http://www.howtobecome.com/how-to-become-a-detective

 

DNA samples were collected from two places, one of which was from the spit on Adrian’s forehead, and another from the gloves near the Coffee pot containing the coffee Adrian drank from. Through electrophoresis, we were able to conclude the spit on Adrian’s head belonging to his brother Pierre, and the gloves having been touched by Wilson, the agreeable owner of “Park it” in the Lee building. This lead us to assume that it was Pierre who had spit on Adrian’s head, and Wilson who had brewed the coffee that Adrian drank. Another thing we deduced about the spit, was that in no way would Pierre have been able to spit on Adrian’s head while they were competing in the triathlon, therefore it would have been after he’d collapsed shortly after he died. The coffee on the other hand pointed fingers at Wilson, to which we were convinced for a while, before we connected the coffee at Wilson’s store, to Ethan’s coffee meeting with Adrian.

http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/6-laboratory-test-tubes-in-science-research-lab-olivier-l-studio.jpg

http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/6-laboratory-test-tubes-in-science-research-lab-olivier-l-studio.jpg

 

 

Toxicology Labs:

Coconut water (used to make Adrian’s juice for the last seven days at Get Juiced), race water (found in the last water bottle Adrian used during the race), coffee (retrieved from the coffee pot at Park it), and the recovery patch (Adrian had used recently, given to him by Ivy) were the samples we received.

We came to the first set of conclusions:

The coconut water had a pH level of 9, which, when compared to the chart matched no poison.

The recovery patch had a pH of 12, which also meant it retained no poison.

The coffee was tested with a pH of 2, which lead us into concluding there had arsenic. However, arsenic’s symptoms did not match that of Adrian. (arsenic is a long term effect poison, not immediate). But the sheer fact that arsenic was present in the coffee brings up a large question of suspicion.

The race water was found with a pH of 7, which narrowed its possibilities down to Amphetamine or Mercury, however when we matched the symptoms – hallucinations Adrian likely experienced during the last ten kilometres of his race and the rashes on his body we settled were possible allergic reactions – we decided that the poison in the race water was Amphetamine.

This lead to the last test: the fingerprint evidence analysis.

Fingerprints:

Sets of three fingerprints were collected from the coconut water jug, the water bottle, and the gloves near the coffee pot.

Coconut water jug:

  1. Adrian
  2. Pierre
  3. Kevin

But concluding that the coconut water did not contain any poison, these results were futile. (IMPORTANT: Ethan, who worked at Get Juiced, did not have fingerprints on the coconut water jug, implying that he worked with gloves)

Water bottle:

  1. Adrian
  2. Kathy
  3. Ethan

Because of the likelihood that race water had poisoned Adrian, we limited our suspects to the two fingerprints above besides that of Adrian. We also noted that Kathy and Ethan’s fingerprints were both much fainter than Adrian’s own. This proved a correlation from the poisoned water to Kathy and Ethan. (Kathy’s fingerprint, though faint had a diagonal line running through.)

Gloves near coffee pot:

  1. Wilson

This only ever enforces the previous idea that the coffee had come from his store. (But also implies that Ethan’s finger prints were not found on the coffee glove, meaning he had been wearing gloves as well)


 

Plausible Scenario:

According to the aforementioned evidence, there were two sets of plans to kill Adrian Anderson, both of which were initiated and carried out by our three suspects: Pierre, Kathy, and Adrian.

Plan B: Beginning with the phone message, Ethan and Adrian likely went out for coffee. Ethan must have come directly from his work at Get Juiced, where he plausibly wore gloves to keep the sanitation. Keeping his gloves on, Ethan visited Wilson’s store, “Park it”, where he had gotten the coffee for his and Adrian’s meeting, and afterwards, added a notable amount of arsenic to Adrian’s coffee. This was what we assume to be the backup plan in case their main plan involving the race water failed to come into effect.

Plan A: With the race water, we believe it to be Kathy and Ethan (because Pierre was also competing) who had somehow added the to the Amphetamine to the water before handing it to Adrian to drink and attempted to wipe away their own fingerprints, thus killing Adrian before the race had ended. Our evidence falls into place from there – from the hallucinations to the collapse and to the myocardial infarction that caused his death, it is it is absolutely certain Kathy and Ethan had a connection to the poison, as their fingerprints were the only ones found. Now, the spit on Adrian’s forehead was Pierre’s as we’d tested and concluded. We’ve also ruled the possibility Pierre could have spit on Adrian’s head when he was running, so he must’ve done it after Adrian had fallen down. And if Pierre reacted in such (a violent and uncanny) way after his own brother’s collapse and hazard, it must mean that he knew that the death was going to happen and expected it, and perhaps planned it.


 

Controversial Evidence:

  1. Wilson’s coffee:

One hole in the evidence we found was that why was the coffee from Wilson’s store rather than an actual coffee store? And also, why was there so much evidence around the coffee and revolving around Wilson if there is no reason for him to be suspected?

  1. Ethan’s motivation:

Ethan currently has no feasible motivation towards killing Adrian, his beloved uncle whom he was said to be close to. This persists that he might’ve not known he was taking part in Adrian’s murder at all, except evidence isn’t sufficient enough to prove anything.

  1. Lack of Pierre’s evidence on poisons:

If Pierre was so motivated, and our accusation of him is correct, then why is it that only his wife and son’s evidence was found on the poisons? And also, was the spit a strong enough connection of Pierre to the murder?

4. The entire crew that had been dealing with and pressuring Adrian to sell the building:

All the other suspects – all those connected to Adrian though not in blood-relation (except for Aimee), were they not involved in the murder at all? If not, how and why was the selling of the building so quick and fluent, as if it had been planned?

  1. Adrian’s secret:

What exactly was Adrian’s secret, and who had found out? With the disclosure of this knowledge, will our accusations have changed drastically?


Conclusion

Through our extensive thoughts and connections, evidence analysis, and teamwork, we have worked out what we believe to be a primarily evidence-supported, plausible conclusion. Our group believes that Pierre Anderson, Kathy Anderson, and Ethan Anderson should be charged with second degree murder of 38 year old Adrian Anderson, Pierre’s very own brother. However, we remain humble and inconclusive to our reasoning, and find it reasonable to further investigate this case to avoid false accusations. We hope to revisit this case once the phone message from a restricted phone number is identified and when the selling of the building continues in order to fully prove the murder. There also exists the possibility of other suspects (not related to any evidence) that assisted in the fulfillment of this murder.

Newton’s Pineapples have expressed our say and opinion.

Now, how about yours?