As the end of the school year is quickly approaching, I began to wonder what may have motivated me to try harder throughout this past few weeks. Is it because of my desire to do better in school? Is it because the material I am learning is more engaging? Or am I devoting my energy to finish the year off smoothly? After questioning myself in these ways, I soon realized that it was due to the idea of motivation. In Psychology, there are four perspectives of motivation that have been the most influential- Instinct Theory(Evolutionary Psychology), Drive-Reduction Theory, Arousal Theory and A Hierarchy of Motives.